Information on Rang ghar- an archaeological monument in Assam

In this article I have provided information on the Rang ghar, which is an important archaeological monument in Assam. I have provided information on the history and construction of the Rang ghar.

Information about Rang ghar, Assam - The oldest amphitheatre in Asia.

Rang ghar is an important archaeological monument in Assam and India. The rang ghar is known to be the oldest amphitheater in whole of Asia. The Rang ghar, Assam was used as a logo in the 33rd National Games which was conducted in Guwahati, Assam held in February 2007.

rang ghar assam

History and construction of Rang ghar, Assam

Rang ghar (meaning Amusement house) is an amusement amphitheater which was built by the Ahom kings of Assam. The Rang ghar is a two storeyed building which was used solely by the Royal family to witness various games organised in the adjoining Rupahi Pathar usually during the Rangauli Bihu celebrations. Sports events like buffalo fights are organised on these days and the Royal family could see the entire proceedings from the Rang ghar.

The Rang Ghar was constructed by the Ahom king Swargadeo Pramatta Singha in the year 1746. The Rang ghar is located in Sibsagar town along the Assam trunk road.

Architecture of Rang ghar, Assam

The Rang ghar is a quite old architectural structure of Assam. It depicts the Architectural taste of the period and is hence of great importance to archaeologists and historians. The Rang ghar is made on the lines of the Ahom royal boat. The roof of the Rang ghar is shaped so. The base of Rang ghar is a serices of entrances. On the top of the roof, one can find a pair of sculpted stone crocodiles. Since those days, cement and mortar was unknown to the Ahom people, they used a mixture of rices and eggs as mortar along with baked bricks for the construction of the Rang ghar. Also powdered lime and bricks were used to line the inner surface of the Rang ghar.

The Jaysagar pukhri or Jaysagar pond is located at a distance of 1 kilometer from the Rang ghar. Like the sibsagar pukhri, this is also an artificial tank and is spread over an area of 120 bighas. The Jayasagar pukhri was buit by the then king Rudra Singha in memory of his mother Rani Joymati.

How to reach Sivasagar, Assam

Sivasagar or Sibsagar is well connected to the main cities of Assam and bus services are easily available. Travelling and lodging in Sivasagar is quite cheap and one can easily travel around in the local buses, autos and rickshaws.


Author: Manabendra Gogoi03 Jun 2012 Member Level: Silver   Points : 1

Rex, good information about the Rang Ghar. It is the symbol of enjoyment in the past and in the present also. The name Rang Ghar itself means that it is a house of enjoyment. In the present time also buffalo fights are arranged in front of it during the bihu. Now it is decorated by the tourism department. There are two parks in front of it for the amusement of the tourists.

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