Karimganj district is located in south part of the state of Assam in North East India. It has cover an area of 1809 square kilometers. The district is surrounded by Tripura and Mizoram in south, Hailakandi in east, Bangladesh and Cachar in north and Bangledesh and Tripura in the west part. It was attained Sub-division Status in 1874 AD and a district status in 1983. Karimganj Town is the headquarter of Karimganj district. It has an only 1 sub division that is Karimganj. The district is a hilly area with three major hill range Chatachura Range, Adamail (Patharia) Range. The major river that flows in the district are Kushiara, Longai, Singla, Barak.
Population of the district
According to 2001 Census, the total Population of the district is 10, 07,976 ( Male-517,680 | Female -490,296 ). Among the total population the number of urban population is 73,850 ( Male-38,150 | Female -35,700 ) and rural population is 934,126 ( Male-479,530 | Female -454,596 ). The major language of the district is Bengali.
Economy of the district
In this district more than 60 % of population is engaged in cultivation along with farming, Livestock, Fishery, Forestry etc. The net cultivated area is 35 % of the total land area. The productivity is low. Some people are in plantation crops like Tea and Rubber. These are the major plantation crops whose annual production is around 77 lakh kg and 1 lakh kg. There are 27 tea gardens in the district which covers the area of about 25,000 Hectares, but only one-third of this land is under actual tea plantation. Rubber plantation in the district is quite new and covers only a fraction of the land. Karimganj District has huge potential for fishery as there are 49 registered beels covering a total area of 4,420 Hectares and about 23,535 smaller ponds and lakes covering another 3,545 Hectares. There are 7 river based fisheries also. Livestock and Poultry play an important role in the rural economy of the place. Cattle, buffalo, goat, sheep, pig etc are the most common livestock animals. Large quantities of eggs are exported to other states from this district. There are many small scale industries in the district. One oil and natural gas exploration is also there in the district.
How to reach Karimganj District
The nearest airport to reach the district is Kumbhirgram near Silchar which is 83 kms away from Karimganj district. The national highway 44 connects the district through Shillong. Train facilities are available from Guwahati and the route is Guwahati, Lumding, Silchar, Dharmanagar-Kumarghat of Tripura, Bhairabi of Mizoram.
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