Information about Districts of Assam


In this article, I am explaining about the districts of Assam. Assam has twenty seven districts. Every districts of Assam collectively play an important role in the all-round development of the state. So, read the full article to know more about the districts of Assam.

Districts of AssamAssam is a beautiful state which is located at northeastern part of India. This is separated by Bangladesh from mainstream India. The state is bounded in the north by Arunachal Pradesh and Bhutan; in the east by Nagaland, Manipur, and Burma; in the south by Bangladesh, Tripura, Mizoram, and Bangladesh; and in the west by West Bengal. Assam is divided into 27 administrative districts.
These district names are Baksa district, Barpeta district, Bongaigaon district, Cachar district, Chirang district, Darrang district, Dhemaji district, Dhubri district, Dibrugarh district, Dima Hasao district, Goalpara district, Golaghat district, Hailakandi district, Jorhat district, Kamrup district, Kamrup Metropolitan district, Karbi Anglong District, Karimganj district, Kokrajhar district, Lakhimpur district, Marigaon district, Nagaon district, Nalbari district, Sibsagar district, Sonitpur district, Tinsukia district, Udalguri district. Every district is administered from a district head quarter with the office of the District Collector, District Magistrate, and Office of the District Panchayat and usually with a district court. All the Districts of Assam are inter-linked with each other and work towards the socio-economic development of the state. Every single district specializes in a specific economic activity.

Baksa district
Baksa is a district of Assam state in north-eastern India. Mushalpur town is the headquarters of the district. According to the history, Baksa was notified as a district in October 2003 while it started from 1 June 2004, when Dr Anwaruddin Choudhury of the Assam Civil Service took charge as its founder Deputy Commissioner. It started working from PWD Inspection Bungalow of Barama on the NH 37 tll it was shifted to Mushalpur in late 2010. The district has three sub-divisions, Mushalpur, Salbari and Tamulpur and 13 revenue circles. Baksa district is bounded by Bhutan in the north side, Udalguri district in the east side, Barpeta, Nalbari and Kamrup districts in the south side and Chirang district in the west side. Geographical area of Baksa district is 2400 km² and this district has a population of 953,773. The main interesting Places in Baksa District are Manas (National Park), Moina Phukhuri, Kokilabari, Bhangtar, Bagamati. Another Major part of the world famous Manas National Park is located in this district.

Barpeta district
Barpeta is one of the famous administrative districts of Assam. Headquarters of this district are situated at Barpeta. Geographically, the district occupies an area of 3245 km². and has a population of 1,642,420. The district was curved out from Kamrup district of Assam in 1983. This is bounded by Bhutan in the north, Nalbari district in the east, Kamrup and Goalpara district in the south and Bongaigaon district in the west. Barpeta District was carved out of the former Kamrup District of Assam in July 1983. This district derived its name from the headquarter town of Barpeta. There are also two Sub-Divisions Barpeta and Bajali and 9 circles. There are six constituencies in this district are Sorbhog, Barpeta, Jania, Baghbor, Sarukhetri, and Chenga. The economy of Barpeta mainly depends on agriculture. Barpeta is very famous as the `Land of the Satras`. Some of the important satras of this region are Patbaushi, Ganakkuchi, Jania, Sundaridia, Barpeta, Baradi, Kanara.

Bongaigaon district
Bongaigaon district is situated in western part of Assam on the north bank of river Brahamaputra. This district occupies an area of 2510 sq. km. Bongaigaon district is the administrative district of Assam. The headquarters of this district is located at Bongaigaon. Historically, Bongaigaon district was formed in the year 1989 by curving out parts of the former Goalpara and Kokrajhar districts. It has three subdivisions are Bongaigaon, Bijni and North Salmara. The district has a population of 732,639. Bongaigaon District in Assam has two parts - Old Bongaigaon and New Bongaigaon. There are Rock caves (Gumphas as they are called) and stone carvings of Jogi gupha hill rocks shows age old traditions and that the Buddhist culture had existed here. The main Attractions of this district are Cave Temple (Jogighopa), Bagheswari Temple (Bagheswari Hill, Bongaigaon Town), Bishnupur Shankardeva Shatra (Bishnupur, Abhayapuri), Ganesh Mandir Ruins (Khagrapar Hill, Abhayapuri), KakoiJana Reserved Forest (For Golden Langur and Birds), and Proposed Eco-Tourism Development Projects in the District Lalmati-Duramari Ganesh Mandir.

Cachar district
The District of Cachar is located in the Southernmost part of Assam is one of the oldest district of Assam. Cachar is an administrative district of Assam and Silchar is its headquarters. Silchar is considered as one of the significant business centers of the state. The district has two sub-divisions which are - Silchar (Sadar) sub-division and Lakhipur sub-division and five circles viz. Katigora, Silchar, Udarbond, Lakhipur and Sonai. According to the history, the name "Cachar" has derived from the words 'kacha' & 'har'. The name Cachar traces its origin to the Kachari kingdom. Cachar was a part of the greater Kachari kingdom which also included the adjoining Hailakandi and Karimganj districts. The district is bounded on the North by Barali and Jayantia hill ranges, on the South by Mizoram, on the East by sister districts of Hailakandi and Karimganj. Cachar District covers a total area of 3786 sq km. There are seven constituencies in this district are Silchar, Sonai, Dholai, Udharbond, Lakhipur, Barkhola, and Katigorah. The interesting places of this district are Sidheswar Shiva Temple, Narsing Akhra, Bhairab-Bari, Khaspur, Bharambaba Temple.

Chirang district
Chirang is the name of the new district formed in the BTC area of Assam. This is also an old spelling for the Tsirang district of Bhutan. The district shares its border with Bhutan. Chirang has been carved from the Bongaigaon District of Assam and is 80% inhabited by Bodo people and rest 20% are occupied by the refugees from Bangladesh. The district headquater is in Kajalgaon. There are 26 villages in this district. So, Chirang is in 16 th position in the state by no of villages. The district chirang covers the 1,169.9 km2 area. The population of this district is 4, 81,818.

Darrang district
Darrang district is a central part of Assam. This is an administrative district in this state. The District of Darrang had been created with effect from July'1983 converting the erstwhile Sub-Division of Mangaldai. Its headquarters located at Mangaldai town. The district occupies an area of 3481 km². Darrang District shares the border with Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh. According to the history of Darrang District, the name Darrang originated from the Sanskrit term `Dwaram` meaning `Duar` or a pass. Several archaeological sites like Narikali, Bijulibari, Lakshimpur, Mathajhar, Murhadeor, Tamreswar, Bhairavkunda, Dhawalpur, etc., point to the hoary past of this region. This District is basically spread over vast plain land with several small hillocks. Darrang is in 9 th position in the state by no of villages. The attractions of this district are Orang National Park, Batha Beel, Pukhuria Beel, Baladev Pukhuri, Jaypal Pukhuri, Gandhi Smriti Park, Patharughat Swaheed Minar, Kamakshya Devalaya. The main place of attraction in Darrang is Bhairabkund. Bhairabkund is a famous picnic spot in Assam.

Dhemaji district
Dhemaji District is one of the districts situated in the remote corner of North East India on the north bank of river Brahmaputra. The boundaries of the district are the hilly ranges of Arunachal Pradesh to the North and the East, Lakhimpur district in the West and the river Brahmaputra in the South. Dhemaji is the headquarters of Dhemaji district of Assam. According to the history, there was a river, which caused unanticipated flood. As a result, the river was believed to be an evil spirit. So, the district name "Dhemaji' is believed to be derived from a combination two Assamese words "dhal" meaning flood and "dhemali" meaning "play". The district is divided into 2 sub-divisions, Dhemaji and Jonai, Four circles, five blocks (Dhemaji, Sissiborgaon, Morkongselek, Bordoloni and Machkhowa) and About Sixtyfive Gaon Panchayats and 1150 revenue villages. The population of Dhemaji is an 11,851.

Dhubri district
Dhubri district is culturally rich district of Assam. The district has three administrative sub-divisions. Dhubri District is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India. The district headquarters are located at Dhubri town. This District is bounded both by inter-state and international border i.e. West Bengal and Bangladesh in the west, Goalpara and Bogaigoan district of Assam and Garo Hills district of Meghalaya in the east, Kokrajhar district in the north, Bangladesh and state of Meghalaya in the south.Covering an area of 2,838 Sq. Kms. including forests, riverines, hills etc. the district has become the most densely populated district in India with a density of 584 persons per Sq. Km. The name Dhubri comes from the tale of Chand Sadagar, where the main character of the story Netai Dhubuni used to wash her clothes on the surface of a big stone at bank of the river Brahmaputra . This particular place had a name called "Netai Dhubunir Ghat".

Dibrugarh district
The district headquarter is Dibrugarh, which deduced its name from Dibarumukh. It is surrounded on the Southeast by Tirap district of Arunachal district, on the North by Dhemaji district, on the East by Tinsukia district, and on the North and Southwest by the Sibsagar district. The district covers a geographical area of 3381 sq. km. The district of Dibrugarh has only one sub-division and seven revenue circles and seven development blocks. This district is one of the most industrialized regions of Assam. The major industries of Dibrugarh district are Oil and Tea. Total Population of Dibrugarh is 1172056. Dibrugarh is in 16 th position in the state By Population.

Dima Hasao district
Dima Hasao district is an administrative district in the state of Assam. This district is the hilliest and undulated districts of Assam. On 2nd February 1970, Mikir Hills district (later renamed Karbi Anglong) split from North Cachar Hills district. This district was renamed as the present on 1 April 2010. The district headquarters are located at Haflong and occupies an area of 4,888 square kilometers. The population of this district is 213,529. It consists of two sub-divisional administrative units namely Haflong and Maibang and 5(five) Development blocks namely Harangajao I.T.D.P. block, Jatinga Valley Development block, Diyang Valley Development block, Diyungbra I.T.D.P. block, New Sangbar Development block.

Goalpara district
Goalpara district is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India. The district headquarters are located at Goalpara. Goalpara district occupies an area of 1,824 square kilometers. Goalpara District was created in the year 1983 with two Sub-divisions, Goalpara (Sadar) sub-division & North Salmara (Civil) Sub-division. In 1989 Goalpara Sadar Sub- division was upgraded into a district and North Salmara Sub-division was merged with newly created Bongaigaon District. So, present Goalpara District consists of only one Sub-division. Goalpara district has a population of 1,008,959. Some interesting places of this district are Hulukunda Pahar, kumri beel, barjhara chibinang, Sri Sri Surjya Pahar, Srimanta Sankar Math, Paglartek Mandir, and Sri Sri Satyanya Gaudiya Math.

Golaghat district
Golaghat district is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India. The district headquarters are located at Golaghat. The district occupies an area of 3502 km². Golaghat district is surrounded by the river Brahmaputra to the north, the state of Nagaland to the south, Jorhat district to the east and Karbi Anglong and Nagaon district to the west. According to the History, Golaghat District suggests the origin of name of this district. The name Golaghat (`Gola` that literally means shop and `Ghat` which means the landing point of river ferry) was derived from the shops established by the `Marwari` businessmen during mid part of 20th century A.D at the bank of Dhansiri River near the Golaghat town. The population of Golaghat district is 946,279.

Hailakandi district
Hailakandit is the one of the fastest forward district of Assam. The headquarter town is Hailakandi itself. The district is bounded by River Barak & Cachar district in the North & East respectively, Mizoram State in the South & East and Karimganj district in the west. Hailakandit is come to know as the district of Assam in September 29 in the year of 1989 by the Government of Assam by the notification. The word 'Hailakandi' is came to know that the word Kuki and Halam means a small stateand another word 'Kundia' which means a land for ploughing. By summation of those words the word 'Hailakandi' was formed. Hailakandi is an administrative district of Assam situated in the southernmost corner of the state. Geographical area of Hailakandi district is 1,327 square kilometers and this district has a population of 659,260.

Jorhat district
Jorhat is an important administrative district of Assam. Jorhat is the district headquarters of Jorhat District. The area of this district is around 2852 sq km and it has a huge density of population. It is located between the Brahmaputra River on the north and Nagaland on the south. Jorhat District was established as the new capital after the decline of Tunkhungia Ahom Dynasty. Jorhat as the name signifies was just a couple (Jor) of huts. It means two parallel marts, namely, Chowkihut and Macharhut, which lay on the eastern and the western banks of the river Bhogdoi. Jorhat District consists of three Sub-divisions namely Jorhat, Majuli and Titabor. The district is divided into six revenue circles and eight development blocks. The economy of Jorhat District is mainly dependent on agriculture. The entire Jorhat district is surrounded by tea plantations and has tea factories. There are about 135 tea gardens surrounded in Jorhat district.

Kamrup district
Kamrup district is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India. Geographical area of Kamrup district has 4,345 square kilometers. The district is situated in the western region of Assam. This distinctive ground is however shared with the present day Barpeta District and Nalbari District. These districts were belonging to Kamrup before 1980. In the year of 2001, the district has been divided between Kamrup District and Kamrup Metropolitan.It has two sub- divisions namely, Guwahati and Rangia and 13 Revenue Circles under Guwahati sub-division and 4 Revenue Circles under Rangia sub-division. The history of Kamarup dates back to 3 A.D under Kamarupa Kingdom and later a district of British India, in the Brahmaputra valley division of Eastern Bengal and Assam. The headquarters was at Guwahati. The population of Kamrup district is 1,517,202. The District is bounded by Udalguri and Baska District in the north, Meghalaya state in the south, Darrang District and Kamrup Metropolitan District in the east and Goalpara District and Nalbari District in the west. Beautiful temples and mountains are the main attraction of this district.

Kamrup Metropolitan district
Kamrup Metropolitan is one of the 27 districts in Assam state. This district was created on 3 February 2003 by bifurcating the erstwhile Kamrup district. Administrative headquarters of Kamrup Metropolitan district is at Guwahati city. Geographic Area of the Kamrup Metropolitan District is 216.79 Sq.Km. Kamrup Metropolitan District is bounded by on north side by Darrang District and Kamrup District, on south side by Meghalaya State and Kamrup District, on east side by Morigaon District and on west side by Kamrup District. The population of Kamrup Metropolitan district has 1,260,419. This district is having 24 k.m. distances from Dispur and it is in 16 th position in the state By no of villages. In Kamrup Metropolitan District there is 1 sub division Guwahati sadar.

Karbi Anglong District
Karbi Anglong District is the largest administrative district of Assam. This administrative district is located at the central part of the state with its headquarters located at Diphu town. The district is bounded by Golaghat district on the east, Meghalaya state and Marigaon district on the west, Nagaon and Golaghat districts on the north and Dima Hasao district and Nagaland state on the south. The district has three sub-divisions, Diphu, Hamren and Bokajan. Karbi Anglong District has a population of 965,280 and covers a total area of 10,434 sq km. The Karbi Anglong Distrcit is situated in the central part of Assam. The district has extensive dense tropical forest covered hills and flat plains.

Karimganj district
Karimganj District is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India. The district headquarters are located at Karimganj. The district is situated at the southern part of Assam and occupies a total area of about 1809 sq kms. The district is bounded on the North by Bangladesh and Cachar district; on the South by Mizoram and Tripura states, on the West by Bangladesh and Tripura and on the East by Hailakandi district. The history of this famous place is comprised into four time i.e early time, middle age, British Era and the period of country`s partition. In the 7th Century, Karimganj area along with foothills of North Cachar Hills had run on the Samatata Kingdom of the East Bengal. King Srichandra of the renowned Chandra Dynasty of Eastern Bengal induced this total place within his Vanga Kingdom in 10th century. In 1765, the Sylhet district part of Karimganj was passed on to the British. Finally the Karimganj sub-division under Sylhet District was built in the year 1878 at Karimganj city. The most interesting things to observe in this city are many plantation crops, tea and rubber are the major ones. Karimganj District has a heavy potential for fishery, with a large number of rivers, swamps, ponds and other natural water bodies situated here.

Kokrajhar district
Kokrajhar district is an administrative district in the state of Assam. The district headquarters are located at Kokrajhar town. Kokrajhar was originally a part the undivided Goalpara district. In 1957, under the administration of Bimala Prasad Chaliha as the Chief Minister of Assam, three sub-divisions were created one of which was Kokrajhar. This sub-division was made into a district on the 1 July 1983. The district occupies an area of 3,169.22 km² and had a population of 905,764. This district is located on the north bank of the river Brahmaputra and it is bounded on the north by the Himalayan kingdom of Bhutan, by Dhubri district on the south, Bongaigaon district on the east and the Indian state of West Bengal on the west. The main attraction of this place is onthai Gwlao, Mahamaya temple, Thandwi Bineswar Brahma Memorial Park, Daimalu Park.

Lakhimpur district
Lakhimpur is an administrative district of Assam situated in the north-eastern corner of the state with its headquarters located at North Lakhimpur. The district is bounded on the north by Siang and Papumpare District of Arunachal Pradesh and on the east by Dhemaji District and Subansiri River. Majuli Sub Division of Jorhat District stands on the southern side and Gahpur sub division of Sonitpur District is on the West. According to the history of Lakhimpur District, The name Lakhimpur is believed to be originated from the word "Lakshmi", the goddess of prosperity. The word "pur" means "full". Lakhimpur therefore means full of paddy or the place where paddies are grown abundantly. The economy of this district is mainly dependent upon agriculture and paddy. Lakhimpur district occupies an area of 2,277 square kilometers. The District is divided into two sub-divisions namely North Lakhimpur and Dhakuakhana.

Marigaon district
Morigaon District, an administrative district of Assam, is located in the Brahmaputra Valley. Its headquarters located at Morigaon town. The district is bounded by the mighty Brahmaputra on the North, Karbi Anglong district on the South, Nagaon District on the East and Kamrup District on the West. The major land area of the district is an alluvial plain with many waterways, rivers and marshes. This district is the second smallest district of Assam. Morigaon District was a sub-division of Nagaon district since 26th January, 1972. Morigaon District occupies a total area of near about 1450 sq km. Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of Morigaon. The major crops grown in the area are vegetable, paddy, jute, wheat, and mustard. Handloom weaving is an integral part of the culture and tradition of Assam. The main attraction of this place are Patekibori Than, Pabitora Wildlife Sanctury, Sitajakhala, Deosal Siva Temple, Kachasila Hill, Asia's Largest Dry Fish Market.

Nagaon district
Nagaon is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India. The Central Assam District of Nagaon is one of the largest districts of Assam. The headquarters of the district were established in Nagaon in 1839. It is one of the largest districts of Assam. The district is bounded by Sonitpur district & the Brahmaputra River in the North, Karbi Anglong and North Cachar Hills in the South, East Karbi Anglong and Golaghat district in the East. The history of the district as an administrative unit can be firmly traced only from the time of the British annexation; Nagaon passed into British hands in 1826 and was declared a district in 1833. Nagaon district occupies an area of 3,831 square kilometers. Some interesting places of this district are Batadrava, Champavati Water fall, Lawkhowa Wildlife Sanctury, Kamakhya Temple.

Nalbari district
Nalbari is an administrative district of Assam with its headquarters at Nalbari town. It is situated between two districts, Kamrup and Barpeta District. Nalbari was a subdivision of the erstwhile Kamrup District. Nalbari was declared a sub division of undivided Kamrup District in the year 1967. Nalbari Sub Division is formally declared as a district in 14th August, 1985. Nalbari District covers an area of 2257 sq km. The northern side of this district is bounded by the Indo-Bhutan international boundary and the southern side by Brahmaputra River. Darrang District and Kamrup District falls in the east and Barpeta District in the west. Some of the famous attractions of this place are Hari Mandir, Jain Temple, Billeswar Temple, Buddhist Temple, Shripur Dewalay Mandir, Bagheswari Dewbahar Guri Devalay, Ganga Pukhuri, Mahmara Pukhuri, Angradhowa Pukhuri and more.

Sibsagar district
Sibsagar or Sivasagar is an administrative district of Assam. Sibsagar is the district headquarters of Sibsagar district with the sub-divisions of Charaideo, Sivasagar, and six revenue circles namely Mahmora, Sivasagar, Nazira, Demow, Amguri, and Sonari. The district occupies an area of 2668 km² and has a population of 1,052,802. The district shares common boundaries with Dibrugarh District on the east, Jorhat district on the west, river Brahmaputra on the North and Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh states on the south. Sibsagar district is one of the leading tea and oil producing centres in Assam.

Sonitpur district
Sonitpur is an important administrative district of Assam with its headquarters located at Tezpur town. Sonitpur district is spread on north bank of the river Brahmaputra. It is bounded by the state of Arunachal Pradesh in The North, Morigaon, Nagaon, Jorhat and Golaghat districts of Assam in the South, Lakhimpur district in the South and Darrang district in the West. In terms of area Sonitpur is the second largest district of Assam after Karbi Anglong district. Sonitpur district was created in 1983 when it was split from Darrang. The name `Sonitpur' as well as Tezpur literally means "the city of blood". The district occupies an area of 5,324 square kilometers and has a population of 1,925,975. Sonitpur is in 11 th position in the state By Population and 3rd position in the state By no of villages.

Tinsukia district
Tinsukia District is one of the administrative districts of Assam. Tinsukia is located in the upper part of Assam, and is surrounded by Arunachal Pradesh in the south-east, Dibrugarh district in the south-west and Dhemaji district in the north. Tinsukia has a geographical area of 3790 sq. km. Tinsukia District is a principal commercial centre of the state and the district is basically an industrial district of Assam. According to the history of Tinsukia District, the ancient name of Tinsukia was Bangmara which was initially known as Changmai Pathar. On 1st of October 1989, Tinsukia was declared the district of the state with three main sub divisions namely Tinsukia, Magherita (Sadar), and Sadiya. Geography of Tinsukia District includes several rivers and reserve forests. The major rivers flowing through the district are Brahmaputra River, Lohit River, Buri Dehing River and Dibru River.

Udalguri district
Udalguri is one of District among 27 Districts of Assam State. Udalguri town is the headquarters of the district. This district is bounded by Bhutan and West Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh state in the north, Sonitpur district in the east, Darrang district in the south and Baksa district in the west. The southern parts of the district are situated on the plains of the Brahmaputra Valley Zone. Area of the district is 1852.16 km² and population of this district has 832,769. The name of the district is derived from its headquarters, Udalguri. This district was formed on June 14, 2004 as one of the four districts under the Bodoland Territorial Autonomous District. This district was carved out by bifurcating Darrang district. In this District there is 2 sub divisions Bhergaon, Udalguri.


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