About Kaziranga National Park of Assam
This famous national park of Assam is situated in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam, India. It is located on the banks of the Brahamputra River. Covering an area of approximately 430 sq. kms is recognized as an Important Bird Area of the world. Initially Kaziranga was designated a Reserve Forest. In 1916. Later, it was converted in to a game sanctury till 1938. A forest conservationist, P. D. Stracey renamed this sanctury to Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary in 1950.
This park is very famous for its wild life inhabition including many species of rhinoceroses, as well as many mammals, including tigers, elephants, panthers and bears, and thousands of birds. In 2006 it is also declared as Tiger Reserve. The title of this place "Kaziranga" adopts its name to Karbi, which is a woman who ruled here in ancient time. This well-spreaded geographic park is a heaven for nature's fan.
Kaziranga was declared as World Heritage Site by UNESCO for its quality natural environment.. . The most attraction of this park is the Indian one horned rhinoceros, which can reach a height of over two metres and weigh more than two tonnes. There are above 1000 rhinoes in this reserve. A very good bird area, Kohara Chowk is very important for its Birdlife. The other places of interest near the Kaziranga park ara the Kakochang Waterfalls which is about 13 kms from Bokakhat, ruins of the ancient Numaligarh, tea gardens of Hathkhuli, Methoni, Difalu, Behora and Borchapori. Bokakhat is the headquarter for the Wildlife wing of the forest department of the Government of Assam.
The total park area is divided into four ranges under the range forest officers named Burapahar, Baguri, Central, and Eastern. The spontaneous natural beauty shows its ultimate in season. The maximum temperature ranges upto -25 degree C and minimum upto -10 degree C in winter and in summer temperature ranges between -36 to -22 degree C. So the mid time of November to early on April is the best time for observing its natuaral scenery with awesome wildlife.
The adjacent Guwahati airport is located at 217-km from the park and the Furkating railhead is at 97 kms away from this park.