Review of Umananda Temple, Guwahati, Assam

Umananda Temple, Guwahati is one of the most visited temples of East India. It a pilgrimage of Hindus and is dedicated to Lord Shiva. Let's have a study of this article to know more about Umananda Temple including Location of Umananda Temple, History of Umananda Temple, Legend of Umananda Temple, Festivals at Umananda Temple, and Structure of Umananda Temple & How to reach Umananda Temple.

Umananda Temple is one of those temples of Assam which are most visited by devotees as well as tourists. As the name suggests, this temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. People believe that Lord Shiva is residing there in the form of Bhayananda.

Location of Umananda Temple

Umananda Temple is located on the Bhasmacala/ Bhasmakoota mountain of an island in the midst of River Brahmaputra (Guwahati, Assam). This island is known as Peacock island. To reach the island, you have to take the service of a country boat which ply from Kachari Ghat. You can also take the ferry service which is available from 7AM to 5Pm.

History of Umananda Temple

Umananda Temple was built by the order of King Gadadhar Singh, one of the strongest Ahom king, in 1694 A.D. the original building was however destroyed in 1897 due to a heavy earthquake. It was then reconstructed by a rich merchant.

Legend of Umananda Temple

The hillock on which the Umananda Temple is located is known as Bhasmacala/ Bhasmakoota. 'Bhasma' means Ashes. It is a hill of ashes. According to Kalika Purana Lord Shiva was once doing meditation on that mountain. Suddenly, Kaamdeva (Lord of sexual attraction) came and tried to interrupt in his meditation. Lord Shiva got angry, opened his third eye & turned Kamadeva into ashes. That's why the hill got its name as Bhasmacala.

Festivals at Umananda Temple

A great festival is held here on the occasion of Mahashivratri. Worship on the day of Somapati Amavsya (the no moon night falling on Monday) in the temple brings the highest bliss. Another big annual festival organized here is of Shiva Chaturdasi.

Structure of Umananda Temple

Figures of many Hindu God & Goddess are engraved on the rock walls of the temple. The figures include the figure of Surya, Shiva, Ganesha, Devi, Vishnu along with his ten forms of reincarnations. The splendid sculptures of the temple are worth seen, which speak of the master skills of Assamese artists.

How to reach Umananda Temple?

By air:
You can reach Umananda Temple by international airport of Guwahati.

By rail:
Railway station of Guwahati is well connected through major cities of rest of the India.

By road:
You can hire a bus or taxi for Umananda Temple from any town of the country.


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