Goalpara District a brief history:
The name of the Goalpara district said to have originally derived from "Gwaltippika" meaning "Guwaly Village" or the village of the milk men. The district is located near the confluence of the rivers Manas with the mighty Brahmaputra.
The history of Goalpara goes back to several centuries. Based on the Chinese traveler "Hiuentsung" report ,Sir Edwart Gait had concluded that the erstwhile capital of the state of Kumar Bhaskar Verman was either in Goalpara district or in Cooch Behar .The district came under British rule in 1765.Before this the area was under the control of the Koch dynasty. In 1826 the British accessed Assam and Goalpara was annexed to Assam in 1874.
The Goalpara dist of Assam covers a total are of 1,832 sq.km.The district is bounded by Garo hills in the South and Kamrup district on the East, Dhubri district on the West and Brahmaputra all along the North. There are two fine important towns in district which includes Goalpara town and Lakhipur. The district is located between latitude 25.53 degree and 26.30 degree North and longitude 90.07 degree and 91.05 degree East.
The land characteristic of the district was mostly flat plain except a few forested hills with elevation between 100 to 500 metres.The district also includes a large number of reverine tracts and sandy river island in the river Brahmaputra.The district also has several large natural lacks such as Urpad beel,Hasila beel,Kumri beel and Dhamar Risan beel.
Two national highways pass through the district. The district is also connected by rail to other parts of the country. There are no air ports in Goalpara.
A large number of people from different communities are based in the Goalpara district. The local population include the Rabhas, Bodos, Garos, Koch Rajbongshis, Yohis, Goalas, Hiras, Sutradhars and others. An industrial growth center has been starting work at Matia.
The economy of the district is about 90% agrarian.
District head quarter : Goalpara.
Bordering district / states :
East = Kamrup district ,
West = Dhubri district,
North= Dhubri and Bongaigaon district,
Sub - division : Goalpara.
Area (in sq .km) : 1,824.
Major crops : Rice ,Wheat, Jute etc.
Major plantation : Tea, Rubber.
Fruits , Vegitables : Banana, Mango, Pineapple, Potato,
Major Minerals : Black granite, Iron.
Industrial growth center : Matia.
College : 8.
Polytechnic : 1.
Number of bank branches : 33.
Number of post offices : 99.
Linked by : Road ways , Water ways,
Language : Assamese, Benguli, Hindi,